Embassy of India
24th BASICMinisterial Meeting on Climate Change in Beijing
The 24th BASICMinisterial Meeting on climate change was hosted by China in Beijing on April 10-11,2017. The meeting was chaired by Mr. Xie Zhenhua, Special Representative forClimate Change Affairs of China and included delegations from Brazil, SouthAfrica and India. The Indian delegation was led by Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad,Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. In linewith BASIC plus approach, delegations of Fiji, Ecuador and Egypt alsoparticipated in the meeting as observers.
BASIC Ministers stressedthat the global effort against climate change is an irreversible process that cannotbe postponed and welcomed the early entry into force of the Paris Agreementunder the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Ministersresolved to enhance the implementation of the Paris Agreement which reflectsthe principles of equity, and common but differentiated responsibilities andrespective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances.
BASIC Ministers noted thesubstantial achievements of BASIC countries in combating climate change andtheir ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). They expressedtheir commitment to continue to strengthen their coordination, shareexperiences and support each other as they further develop their domesticclimate policies and actions. Ministers also urged developed countries to fullyhonor their commitments and increase climate finance towards the US$ 100 billionper annum goal, to be scaled up significantly after 2025.
At the conclusion of themeeting, BASIC Ministers adopted a Joint Statement (as appended below) andlooked forward to meeting again in Brazil for the 25th MinisterialMeeting.
JointStatement Issued at the Conclusion of the 24th BASIC Ministerial Meeting onClimate Change
11 April 2017
1. The24th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change was held in Beijing, China on10 and 11 April 2017. The meeting was attended by H.E. Mr. Xie Zhenhua, SpecialRepresentative for Climate Change Affairs of China, H.E. Ms. Barbara Thompson,Deputy Minister of Environmental Affairs of South Africa, H.E. Ambassador JoséAntonio Marcondes de Carvalho, Under Secretary-General for the Environment,Energy, Science and Technology, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil, and Mr.Ravi S. Prasad, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and ClimateChange of India. In line with the ‘BASIC-plus’ approach, H.E. Mr. Parveen KumarBala, Minister for Local Government, Housing and Environment of Fiji, on behalfof the incoming Presidency of COP 23, H.E. Dr. Khaled Fahmy, Minister ofEnvironment of Egypt, and H.E. Mr. Jose M. Borja, Ambassador Extraordinary andPlenipotentiary of Ecuador to China, on behalf of the Chair of the Group of 77also attended the meeting as observers.
2. BASICMinisters welcomed the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement under theUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to enhance itsimplementation, which reflects equity and common but differentiatedresponsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of differentnational circumstances. Ministers affirmed that the Paris Agreement is ahard-won achievement by the international community which strengthens theglobal response to climate change in the context of sustainable development.
3. Ministers reiterated that the global effortagainst climate change is an irreversible process that cannot be postponed. Itoffers valuable opportunities to promote sustainable development. In thisregard, Ministers underlined BASIC’s highest political commitment to the full,effective and sustained implementation of the Convention, its Kyoto Protocoland the Paris Agreement in all their aspects.
4. Ministers discussed the internationalsituation and developments, and reiterated their governments’ unwavering commitmentto the global effort against climate change. They urged all signatories to staythe course and maintain their support to the Paris Agreement for the good ofall humankind and our future generations. Ministers highlighted BASIC’swillingness to work together with all Parties and stakeholders to promoteglobal low greenhouse gas emissions, climate-resilient and sustainabledevelopment.
5. Ministers welcomed the successful outcomesachieved at COP 22 in November 2016, which demonstrated the irreversiblemomentum behind the multilateral process and adopted the roadmap for the workrequired to operationalise the Paris Agreement from 2020. They expressed theirappreciation to the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco for hosting theConference.
6. Ministers pledged BASIC’s full support tothe incoming Fijian Presidency of COP 23 to be held in Bonn in November 2017.They underlined the importance of COP 23 to prepare the ground towards thecompletion of the work related to the implementation of the Paris Agreement. Ministersfurther underlined that COP 23 should accelerate the implementation of pre-2020commitments and actions. Ministers reiterated that the work on both the pre-2020and post-2020 should be in full accordance with the principles of equity andcommon but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Theyalso emphasised the importance of openness, transparency, inclusiveness and theParty-driven nature of the negotiations.
7. Ministers expressed BASIC’s willingness to continueworking constructively with other Parties to adopt balanced and meaningfuloutcomes, in 2018, related to the implementation of the Paris Agreement from 2020.With the aim of accomplishing this task, they underscored the need for enteringinto the textual negotiation on the modalities, procedures and guidelines forthe Paris Agreement as early as possible, in order to produce a comprehensivenegotiating text at COP 23, reflecting all Parties’ views and inputs in abalanced manner.
8. Ministers affirmed that the outcomes of thework related to the implementation of the Paris Agreement shall reflect differentiation,nationally determined nature of Parties’ contributions, and flexibility todeveloping countries. Furthermore, Ministers were of the view that, whenimplementing the Paris Agreement, Parties are encouraged to exchange their bestpractices and cooperate to enhance actions progressively.
9. Ministers recalled the legal obligations ofdeveloped countries under the Convention and its Paris Agreement to providefinancial resources, technology development and transfer and capacity-buildingsupport to all developing countries, for their effective implementation andambitious actions. Ministers emphasised the need for further clarity and robustmethodologies to track and account for the provision of finance by developedcountries.
10. Ministers thereforeurged developed countries to honour their commitments and increase climatefinance towards the USD 100 billion per annum goal, to be scaled-upsignificantly after 2025. In the post-2020 period, Ministers called upon developedcountries to provide financial resources to assist developing countries withrespect to both mitigation and adaptation in continuation of their existingobligations under the Convention. Furthermore, Ministers called for collaborationamong the various mechanisms on adaptation, finance, technology andcapacity-building.
11. Ministers emphasised that adaptation is anissue that requires an urgent global response, and reiterated the importance ofboth the global adaptation goal and of the adaptation communication as a componentof Parties’ NDCs in achieving the purpose of the Paris Agreement. Ministersurged developed countries to provide adequate support to developing countriesin meeting the cost of their adaptation actions.
12. Ministers stressed the urgency of developedcountry Parties to revisit and increase their economy-wide quantified emission reductiontargets and to implement and enhance the provision of finance, technology andcapacity-building support to developing countries, which is a prerequisite formutual trust among Parties and for building a solid foundation for post-2020implementation and ambition. In this regard, Ministers underscored theimportance of ratifying the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol.
13. Ministers highlighted the substantialachievements that the BASIC countries continue to demonstrate in combatingclimate change, both on the implementation of pre-2020 mitigation andadaptation actions and their ambitious NDCs. BASIC countries have made notableprogress towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilientdevelopment. They are committed to sharing experiences and supporting eachother as they further develop their domestic climate policies and actions.
14. Ministers reiterated that the UNFCCC is theprimary international forum to coordinate the global response to climatechange. In this regard, they expressed their willingness to strengthen thevoice of BASIC in other multilateral fora addressing issues related to climatechange, such as the United Nations General Assembly, the International CivilAviation Organisation, the International Maritime Organisation and the MontrealProtocol, as well as the G20. They reiterated that measures and outcomes underthese fora should be consistent with the UNFCCC and in line with the principlesof equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
15. BASIC Ministers expressed their unequivocalcommitment to support Ecuador, as the Chair of the Group of 77 this year, witha view to strengthening the unity and advancing the common interests of developingcountries in the multilateral process.
16. Ministers welcomed the offer of Brazil tohost the 25th BASIC Ministerial meeting in the second half of this year.